Areas suitable for growing premium wine grapes could be reduced by 50 percent - and possibly as much as 81 percent - by the end of this century, according to a study Monday in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The paper indicates increasing weather problems for grapes in such areas as California's Napa and Sonoma valleys.

The main problem: An increase in the frequency of extremely hot days, according to Noah Diffenbaugh of the department of earth and atmospheric sciences at Purdue University.

Grapes used in premium wines need a consistent climate. When temperatures top about 95 degrees they have problems maintaining photosynthesis and the sugars in the grapes can break down, Diffenbaugh said in a telephone interview.

"The lion's share of the industry is in California, so it's a huge concern from a wine quality standpoint."
-James A. Kennedy, professor at Oregon State University

"We have very long-term studies of how this biological system (of vineyards) responds to climate," said Diffenbaugh, and that gives the researchers confidence in their projection. Diffenbaugh is a co-author of the paper.

Scientists and environmental experts have become increasingly alarmed in recent years by accumulating gasses such as carbon dioxide in the atmosphere as a result of the burning of fossil fuels.

A panel of climate scientists convened by the National Academy of Sciences reported last month that the Earth is heating up and "human activities are responsible for much of the recent warming." The scientists said average global surface temperatures rose by about 1 degree in the 20th century. While that may not sound like much, many blame it for melting glaciers, weather changes - perhaps even more hurricanes - and threats of spreading diseases.

James A. Kennedy, a professor of food science and technology at Oregon State University, said he was shocked by the report on the potential effects on wine grapes.

"We're definitely, in the wine industry, starting to be concerned about global warming," said Kennedy, who was not part of the research team.

"The lion's share of the industry is in California, so it's a huge concern from a wine quality standpoint," he said. For people in the industry "this paper is going to be a bit of a shocker."

The research was supported by the National Science Foundation, National Center for Atmospheric Research and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.


LINKS:

Stop Climate Chaos
 http://www.itdg.org/?id=stopclimatechaos

Solar Energy Connections
Tours of Solar Building
and peak oil, clean air, food security and community survival
 http://southafrica.indymedia.org/news/2006/07/10763.php

BUILD INTO the FUTURE
Indestructible and energy efficient buildings and homes
(Hurricane proof, Tornado proof, Earthquake proof and Tidal Wave proof)
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 http://www.monolithicdome.com  http://www.solargenix.com  http://www.powerlight.com  http://www.swisssolartech.com  http://www.quietrevolution.co.uk  http://www.kalwall.com  http://www.solatube.com  http://www.nanosolar.com  http://www.heliodyne.com  http://www.sunpower.com  http://www.rpc.com.au  http://www.solarwall.com  http://www.demarcoenergy.com  http://www.advgeothermal.co.uk  http://www.greengridroofs.com  http://www.grasscrete.com  http://www.rainharvesting.co.uk  http://www.ecological-engineering.com  http://www.oasisdesign.net  http://www.waterless.co.nz  http://www.wolvertonenvironmental.com  http://www.sloanled.com  http://www.cansolair.com  http://www.myecospace.com  http://www.canadiansolartechnologies.ca  http://www.insuladd.com  http://www.vestas.com  http://www.activepower.com  http://www.magenn.com  http://www.windwall.nl  http://www.sunpower.com  http://www.powerefficiencycorp.com  http://www.openenergycorp.com  http://www.sunengy.com  http://www.isolite.com  http://www.sunfrost.com  http://www.staber.com

GERMAN Sustainable Technology
intelligent design
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translate German => english:  http://babelfish.altavista.com
 http://www.bomin-solar.de  http://www.solarinfo.de  http://www.inn-plan.de  http://www.optigruen.de  http://www.sses.ch  http://www.orange-energy.de  http://www.firstsolar.com  http://www.thyssen-solartec.com  http://www.wind-energie.de  http://www.solarfoerderung.de  http://www.biocar.de  http://www.iwr.de  http://www.evt-scooter.de  http://www.intersolar.de  http://www.sunversy.de  http://www.solarwaterworld.de  http://www.aet.de  http://www.berger-biotechnik.de  http://www.biodieselverband.de  http://www.btec-rosenheim.de/pageID_1975573.html  http://www.campa-biodiesel.de  http://www.cleanenergy.de  http://www.wind-tschechien.de  http://www.windtest-nrw.de  http://www.windkraftservice.de  http://www.eg-solar.de  http://www.windkontor-saar.de  http://www.elsbett.com  http://www.energiekontor.de  http://www.fmso.de  http://www.rerorust.de  http://www.velomobile.de  http://www.boxer99.de  http://www.juwi.de  http://www.zinco.de  http://www.sunoven.de  http://www.mindquest.de/Zonnewater  http://www.fuhrlaender.de  http://www.windkrafttechnik.de  http://www.inventusgmbh.de  http://www.moratec.de
 http://indymedia.org.nz/newswire/display/38087/index.php

Mercedez-Benz's SMART CAR
Why be Stupid?
------------------
 http://www.uk-vans.co.uk/new/smart_car.html
 http://www.autofieldguide.com/columns/will/0404euro.html
 http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/magazine/3660685.stm
 http://indymedia.org.nz/newswire/display/38087/index.php
 http://www.betterproductdesign.net/npi/products/smartcar.htm
 http://www.smartofnewcastle.co.uk
 http://www.zapworld.com/cars
 http://www.smart.com
 http://www.smartofbristol.co.uk
 http://www.smartofperth.co.uk
 http://www.smartofnorwich.co.uk

Saving Energy, SOLAR Energy, WIND Energy, OCEAN Energy
 http://melbourne.indymedia.org/news/2006/05/112665.php
 http://victoria.indymedia.org/news/2006/01/47520.php
 http://www.hoanw.org

Electric Vehicles
 http://www.electroauto.com
 http://www.nedra.com
 http://www.vestas.com
 http://www.evparts.com
 http://www.tidalforce.com
 http://www.clean-air.org
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25073

PEAK OIL and Permaculture
 http://victoria.indymedia.org/news/2006/05/50102.php
 http://thunderbay.indymedia.org/news/2006/05/23436.php
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25013
 http://southafrica.indymedia.org/news/2006/05/10493.php

Advanced Recycling Technologies
saving Money and energy Intelligently
 http://victoria.indymedia.org/news/2006/07/50509.php

Organic food for all.
Volunteers needed.
People and students from around the country are setting up Organic gardens to feed the poor and to give fresh nutritious Organic produce to food banks.
Please Grow a Row of fresh nutritious Organic food for your Local food banks.
Thank You for your help.
 http://hawaii.indymedia.org/news/2006/06/5894.php
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25075

Organic Gardening Technologies
 http://melbourne.indymedia.org/news/2006/01/102980.php
 http://adelaide.indymedia.org/newswire/display/12155/index.php
 http://victoria.indymedia.org/news/2006/07/50509.php
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25076

Keep Our Country strong like a rock.
Please support LOCAL Organic FAMILY farmers. Please use sustainable technology.
COMMUNITY SUPPORTED AGRICULTURE (CSA) Food Security
keeping our communities Safe from Peak Oil and other Disasters
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 http://www.cuco.org.uk/index.php?page=3
 http://www.localharvest.org/csa
 http://www.localharvest.org/csa.jsp
 http://www.eatlocal.org/Ideas.html
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25077
 http://www.truthout.org/cgi-bin/artman/exec/view.cgi/34/10314
 http://bristol.indymedia.org/newswire.php?story_id=25076
 http://www.biodynamics.com/csa.html
 http://www.csacenter.org
 http://solutions.synearth.net/2004/02/04
 http://www.seedinternational.com.au/CG%20article%201.html
 http://uruguay.indymedia.org/news/2005/06/36067.php  http://www.isec.org.uk
book: Farms of Tomorrow: Community Supported Farms; author: Trauger Groh  http://www.greenpatchseeds.com.au/biodynamic.html
book: Rebirth of the Small Family Farm, authors: Bob and Bonnie Gregson  http://www.acresusa.com
book: MetroFarm; author: Michael Olson  http://www.growingedge.com/store

Volunteering to work on organic farms
 http://www.wwoof.org

Be a Real patriot. Please help disabled people, older people, poor people, widows and fatherless children grow their own Fresh nutritious Organic food.
Luke 10:29, Isaiah 1:17,19 give thanks to god
 http://www.victorygardens.net  http://www.carbon.org  http://www.foodrevolution.org/askjohn/43.htm  http://www.hhdra.org.uk  http://www.farmgarden.org.uk  http://goodgrub.org/kgp/free.html  http://www.moscowfoodcoop.com/books/wilson.html  http://www.communitygarden.org.au  http://www.yesmagazine.com/article.asp?ID=576

(Note: you can save this web page to your hard drive. Then you can open the saved file on your hard drive and click on the links to access the web sites)

Please email this web page to your friends and to people who are concerned about our future and our Grandchildren’s future. Thank you.